The aim of the initiative is to redesign hospital workplaces to improve the mental health and well-being of nurses and physicians and to improve patient safety. The grant will support the international partnership of some of the world’s leading Universities led by KU Leuven and the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing’s Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research.
Research by PSC & PARC Associates Linda H. Aiken and Matthew D. McHugh shows that when nurses lack support and resources, the most vulnerable patients are at risk. Researchers found that one in five registered nurses reported frequently being unable to complete necessary patient care, leaving patients without comfort, conversation, and surveillance, and leaving nurses with high rates of burnout. Read more in Penn Today, Penn Nursing News, and The Philadelphia Inquirer.
PSC & PARC researcher, Linda H. Aiken, the Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor in Nursing, and Director, Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research (CHOPR), was recently awarded an Honorary Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RSCI) Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery.
Linda H. Aiken, Matthew D. McHugh and co-authors have authored a study in Health Affairs describing slow progress and uneven application in efforts to reduce medical errors. “Improving work environments through organization and culture change is a comparatively low-cost intervention to improve quality of care and patient safety,” says Aiken. Read more here, here and here.
LInda Aiken and co-authors have published a new study in the New England Journal of Medicine calling for the mordernization in the way Medicare pays for training nurses and highlighting a successful new model of cost-effectively training more advanced practice nurses to practice community-based primary care (Penn Nursing News).
Patient satisfaction is closely linked to the number of nurses on wards, according to a study led by Linda Aiken of the School of Nursing, published in the journal BMJ Open. In a Penn Nursing news release, Aiken is quoted discussing the details of the recent article "Patient satisfaction with hospital care and nurses in England: an observational study".
The Nell J. Watts Lifetime Achievement in Nursing Award is given to a Sigma Theta Tau International (STTI) Honor Society of Nursing member who has demonstrated exemplary achievements in nursing throughout his or her lifetime. Linda H. Aiken is director and founder of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at Penn’s School of Nursing. Its RN4CAST, one of the center’s projects and based on her research, is the largest study of its kind on nursing care and patient outcomes in the US, Europe, Asia, South Africa, Australia, and Chile. It has been implemented in 30 countries and funded by many sources, including the National Institutes of Health and the European Commission.
In a new study, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing’s Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research (CHOPR), and the Rutgers University School of Nursing examined the factors influencing the likelihood of missed nursing care in the home care setting. Their findings indicate that home care nurses with poor work environments are more likely to miss required care. Read Linda Aiken's co-authored paper here.
In a new study, Linda Aiken and fellow researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing’s Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research and the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia found that pediatric nurses with poor work environments and higher patient loads are more likely to miss required care. Read research paper here.
The special seminar put together as part of the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (LDI) 50th Anniversary year, featured the three previous executive directors of the LDI, along with CHOPR’s Director and Founder, Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN. Moderated by current LDI Executive Director Daniel Polsky, PhD, Aiken was joined by David Asch, MD, J. Sanford Schwartz, MD and Mark Pauly, PhD.
Study led by Linda H. Aiken of Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) reports that hospitals that employ more nurse assistants relative to the number of professionally qualified nurses have higher mortality rates, lower patient satisfaction, and poorer quality and safety of care, was published in the leading scientific journal BMJ Quality and Safety.
Linda H. Aiken presented Mary D. Naylor, Ph.D., RN, FAAN, With AcademyHealth Distinguished Investigator Award. Naylor was nominated by Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN, FAAN, the Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor in Nursing, Professor of Sociology, and Director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, and the first nurse to be awarded this honor. “Dr. Naylor’s multiple contributions to health services research and its impact on health care delivery place her among the most successful health services researchers and an extraordinary role model for the field,” said Aiken. Read Penn Nursing's article here.
Matthew McHugh, Linda Aiken, Paul Rosenbaum, and Herbert Smith collaborated with other researchers from the Center for Outcomes Research at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at Penn’s School of Nursing, Penn’s Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania on a study which showed that patients undergoing surgery at Magnet hospitals recognized for nursing excellence, and good nurse staffing, have better outcomes at the same or lower costs as other hospitals. Read study published in the prominent surgery journal JAMA Surgery here.
For decades, Penn Nursing has been at the forefront of research evaluating the effects of adequate nurse staffing on improving patient outcomes around the world. Now, with the support of a Penn Global Engagement Fund Award, Penn Nursing faculty will have the opportunity to look specifically at the nursing workforce in Chile. Nursing faculty Dr. Linda Aiken, Dr. Eileen Lake, and Dr. Matthew McHugh, along with partners from the School of Arts and Sciences Dr. Jere Behrman and Dr. Herb Smith, received one of 12 Penn Global Engagement Fund Awards for the 2015-2016 academic year for their project titled Healthcare Workforce and Quality Outcomes: Lessons from Chile, United States and Europe. The team will work with the School of Nursing at Universidad de los Andes to survey nurses at 50 hospitals in Chile about issues such as a patient to staff ratio, relationships between doctors and nurses, and quality and safety assessments.
A 2014 article by PSC Associates Linda H. Aiken and Matthew D. McHugh (and co-authors) published in The Lancet, "Nurse staffing and education and hospital mortality in nine European countries: a retrospective observational study," ranked 27 on the Altmetric 2014 Top 100 Papers, see the press and citations here.
Linda H. Aiken of Penn Nursing has received the Lienhard Award from the Institute of Medicine.
According to research co-authored by Linda Aiken, older black patients are three times more likely than older white patients to suffer poorer outcomes after surgery, including death, when cared for by nurses with higher workloads.
Linda H. Aiken's research on nurse-patient ratios is discussed in the Philadelphia Inquirer article "More Nurses, Less Death" from April 20, 2010.
Linda Aiken discusses patient satisfaction with nurses in an article in the New York Times, "With Doctors in Short Supply, Responsibilities for Nurses May Expand."