The proposed research will improve understanding of the health profile of the aging Hispanic population in the United States and shed new light on social and biological mechanisms and life course processes underlying racial, ethnic, and nativity-status disparities in health. By examining how exposure to a diverse and comprehensive set of acute and chronic stressors across the life course relates to the biological risk and physical functioning of aging Hispanics, this research will provide new knowledge of the social patterning and determinants of population health disparities and inform prevention and intervention efforts aimed at achieving health equity.
Analyzing motor vehicle crash data that is linked to other existing administrative data sources (e.g., driver licensing data) has the potential to catalyze advancements in our understanding of older driver crashes—an important cause of morbidity and mortality among older adults in the US. The proposed study, which includes analysis of the unique and comprehensive New Jersey Traffic Safety Outcomes data warehouse, will be the first longitudinal study of older adults’ rates of driver licensure and adverse driving outcomes (2004-2014). Findings will serve as initial analyses for a planned program of research that will directly inform and impact rehabilitation and treatment efforts, licensing policies, and other strategies to enhance older driver safety and reduce the burden of older driver crashes and injuries.
The project will advance global knowledge of long-term care delivery and financing systems, providing a new evidence base for both public policy design and private services development. By exploring a new long-term care funding mechanism, the project aims to support the development of long-term care services globally and in China. Lessons learned for China will be informative for other countries facing the challenge of how to finance long-term care costs such as the U.S.
Learning about your taxes is aversive. However, when making decisions about a retirement savings strategy, about labor supply, or indeed about most financially consequential economic decisions, it is critical to have a complete understanding of the tax consequence of these actions. In this project, we aim to better understand the nature of “tax information avoidance,” and to integrate knowledge of this behavior into our models of decision-making in these environments.
Chronic pain has the potential to limit the lives of millions around the globe as they age -- impeding their ability to have a healthy, inspiring, and productive life in their later years. The interdisciplinary team involved in this research project will draw on expertise in fields including public health, economics, aging, and psychology to examine the potential broader impacts of pain on cognitive function and productivity over the life course using a rigorous RCT. This research will contribute new knowledge to the understudied subject of the consequences of physical pain, providing evidence of both academic interest and policy relevance.
A lack of safe, accessible transportation leads to degradation in medical care as 3.6 million Americans do not obtain non-emergency medical care because of a lack of transportation in a given year. The specific barriers and breaks in the transportation travel chain that limit elder mobility, particularly in their access to healthcare facilities, remain largely unknown. This project will unite transportation engineering and public health together with the goal of understanding the physical infrastructure constraints and the perceived constraints of elderly travelers as they traverse the transportation network and how these factors ultimately determine the mobility of the elderly.