The Impact of Exercise, Cognitive Activities, and Socialization on Cognitive Function: Results From the National Long-Term Care Survey

TitleThe Impact of Exercise, Cognitive Activities, and Socialization on Cognitive Function: Results From the National Long-Term Care Survey
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsJedrziewski, Kathryn M., Douglas C. Ewbank, Haidong Wang, and John Q. Trojanowski
JournalAmerican Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
Volume29
Pagination372-378
ISBN Number1938-2731 (Electronic)1533-3175 (Linking)
Accession NumberPMID: 24408752
AbstractCurrently, there are no effective treatments for Alzheimer's disease and related disorders and age continues to be a robust risk factor. Thus, population aging in the United States may have catastrophic results if interventions are not found and implemented. This study examines possible associations between cognitive impairment and exercise, cognitive activities, and socialization. Cognitive activities, socialization, and exercise were assessed at baseline, and cognitive function was measured at baseline, 5-year, and 10-year follow-up. Controlling for baseline cognitive function, age, sex, education, diabetes, and hypertension, linear regression was performed. Engagement in cognitive activities was inversely associated with the onset of cognitive impairment at 5-year follow-up but was no longer significant at 10-year follow-up. Exercise was associated with a lower risk of cognitive impairment at 10-year follow-up but was not significant at 5-year follow-up. Associations with socialization were not statistically significant at either follow-up.
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1533317513518646
PMCIDPMCID: PMC4087091