Nurse staffing and the work environment linked to readmissions among older adults following elective total hip and knee replacement

TitleNurse staffing and the work environment linked to readmissions among older adults following elective total hip and knee replacement
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLasater, Karen B., and Matthew D. McHugh
JournalInternational Journal for Quality in Health Care
Volume28
Pagination253-258
ISBN Number1464-3677 (Electronic)1353-4505 (Linking)
Accession NumberPMID: 26843548
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of nurse staffing and the work environment on 10- and 30-day unplanned readmissions for US Medicare patients following elective total hip and knee replacement. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of secondary data. SETTING: Acute care hospitals in California, Florida, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, during 2006. PARTICIPANTS: Medicare patients (n = 112 017) admitted to an acute care hospital for an elective total hip or knee replacement. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The adjusted odds ratio (OR) of experiencing an unplanned readmission within 10 and 30 days of discharge following an elective total hip or knee replacement. RESULTS: Our sample included 112 017 Medicare patients in 495 hospitals. Nearly 6% of the patients were readmitted within 30 days; more than half of whom were rehospitalized within 10 days. Adjusted for patient and hospital characteristics, patients had 8% higher odds of 30-day readmission and 12% higher odds of 10-day readmission, for each additional patient per nurse. Patients cared for in the best work environments had 12% lower odds of 30-day readmission. CONCLUSIONS: Readmission outcomes following major joint replacement are associated with hospital nursing care. Attention to nurse work conditions may be central to improving readmissions in this postoperative Medicare population.
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzw007
PMCIDPMCID: PMC4833205