Stokes, Andrew C., Dielle J. Lundberg, Jacob Bor, Irma T. Elo, Katherine Hempstead, Samuel H. Preston. 2021. Association of Health Care Factors With Excess Deaths Not Assigned to COVID-19 in the U.S. JAMA Network Open.
"Approximately 20% of excess deaths in the US in 2020 were not reflected in COVID-19 death counts. These excess deaths included deaths caused by COVID-19 but not assigned to it as well as indirect deaths from other causes associated with delays in health care and the social and economic consequences of the pandemic. Prior research has documented differences in the percentage of excess deaths not assigned to COVID-19 at the state and county levels. In this study, we examined health care factors associated with excess deaths not assigned to COVID-19 at the county level."
Irma Elo (PSC/PARC Research Associate) was quoted in an NBC News article discussing causes in the decline in life expectancy in the US. The particular impact the pandemic had on Hispanic and Black Americans "reflects the inequalities that were present before the pandemic that have to do with unequal access to health care and racial and ethnic disparities in health more generally, which largely have to do with socioeconomic disadvantages," said Irma Elo
Chair, Department of Sociology
Chair, Graduate Group in Demography
Associate Director, Population Aging Research Center
Professor of Sociology
Ph.D., Public Affairs and Demography, Princeton University, 1990