Research by PSC & PARC Associates Linda H. Aiken and Matthew D. McHugh shows that when nurses lack support and resources, the most vulnerable patients are at risk. Researchers found that one in five registered nurses reported frequently being unable to complete necessary patient care, leaving patients without comfort, conversation, and surveillance, and leaving nurses with high rates of burnout. Read more in Penn Today, Penn Nursing News, and The Philadelphia Inquirer.
Linda H. Aiken, Matthew D. McHugh and co-authors have authored a study in Health Affairs describing slow progress and uneven application in efforts to reduce medical errors. “Improving work environments through organization and culture change is a comparatively low-cost intervention to improve quality of care and patient safety,” says Aiken. Read more here, here and here.
Matthew McHugh, Linda Aiken, Paul Rosenbaum, and Herbert Smith collaborated with other researchers from the Center for Outcomes Research at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at Penn’s School of Nursing, Penn’s Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania on a study which showed that patients undergoing surgery at Magnet hospitals recognized for nursing excellence, and good nurse staffing, have better outcomes at the same or lower costs as other hospitals. Read study published in the prominent surgery journal JAMA Surgery here.
For decades, Penn Nursing has been at the forefront of research evaluating the effects of adequate nurse staffing on improving patient outcomes around the world. Now, with the support of a Penn Global Engagement Fund Award, Penn Nursing faculty will have the opportunity to look specifically at the nursing workforce in Chile. Nursing faculty Dr. Linda Aiken, Dr. Eileen Lake, and Dr. Matthew McHugh, along with partners from the School of Arts and Sciences Dr. Jere Behrman and Dr. Herb Smith, received one of 12 Penn Global Engagement Fund Awards for the 2015-2016 academic year for their project titled Healthcare Workforce and Quality Outcomes: Lessons from Chile, United States and Europe. The team will work with the School of Nursing at Universidad de los Andes to survey nurses at 50 hospitals in Chile about issues such as a patient to staff ratio, relationships between doctors and nurses, and quality and safety assessments.
A 2014 article by PSC Associates Linda H. Aiken and Matthew D. McHugh (and co-authors) published in The Lancet, "Nurse staffing and education and hospital mortality in nine European countries: a retrospective observational study," ranked 27 on the Altmetric 2014 Top 100 Papers, see the press and citations here.
Matthew McHugh found that hospital surgery deaths fell for patients treated in magnet hospitals recognized for their high-quality delivery of care.